How internet works ?

Internet – the Information Superhighway

  • Do you want to send any important document to your client in other countries urgently?
  • What are options do you have? Courier or Fax or Internet? In my views best way is Internet?
  • Do you need a product specification so again how you can get the specification?
  • Call the product company or look for catalogue or How about Mr Google?        

As the motorway carry the traffic to far areas at a high speed, the modern information super highways carry information all over the globe.These information superhighways carry a variety of data like numbers, text, graphics, audio and video. This information superhighway is known as Internet or simply the ‘Net’.Internet has been perhaps the most outstanding innovation in the field of communication in the history of mankind.     

What is internet?



The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks. When two or more computers are connected so that they can communicate, they become part of a network. The Internet consists of a world-wide interconnection of such networks, belonging to companies, governments and individuals, allowing all of the devices connected to these networks to communicate with each other.

The connections between the computers are a mixture of copper cables, fiber-optic cables, wireless radio connections and could be via satellite links.  

How it works?

The Internet architecture has three basic layers –

  • Internet Backbone – are high speed networks connected to each other
  • Internet Service Providers(ISP) – are connected to any one of the backbones with high speed data transfer lines.
  • Internet user- Who wants to access the internet.

Internet Language/Protocol

In order to communicate, computers need to be able to understand each other. On the Internet, communication is possible because all devices use the same “language” or protocol, namely the Internet Protocol (IP), a “single market” with no physical, technical or national barriers.

How data is transferred from one computer to other ?

When you chat to somebody on the Net or send them an e-mail, Have you ever thought how many different computers you are using in the process? Let’s take a closer look!

  • In this respect, the Internet works a bit like the postal service. Letters are simply passed from one place to another, no matter who they are from or what messages they contain. The job of the mail service is to move letters from place to place.
  • When you send a letter, you don’t need to know about the vans, trains and planes that carry it to its destination, or how many post offices it passes through on the way. Nor do you need to know how your packets of internet data are transmitted through a variety of cables, routers and host computers on the way to their destination.
  • When you put an envelope in the post, it can contain many different types of data: a personal letter, an invoice, a photograph, and so on. The internet’s data packets also carry different types of data for different applications like test, software, audio or videos etc.

  Advantages of Internet-

1. Faster Communication

  • Today, we can initiate real-time communication with someone who is in another part of the world like – email, Massagers like skype or yahoo, video conferencing .
  • Blogging – you can start blog on any topics and can invite reader views across cultures or countries.

2. Treasure of Information 

  • The Internet offers knowledge on any given topic under the sun.
  • Using search engines – information accessible on various subject matters such as – government law and services, trade fairs and conferences, market information, new innovations and technical support.

3. Source of education 

  • Some popular websites like Wikipedia,WebMD, TeacherTube.
  • Many websites – such as America’s Doctor, have made it possible to seek online advice from specialist doctors without having to actually fix an appointment.
  • scope of home schooling has expanded because of increased accessibility to videos of teachers giving lectures, showing diagrams and explaining concepts, much like a real classroom

4. Social Networking

  • One cannot imagine a social life without Facebook or Twitter. These portals have become our means to stay connected with friends and family, and stay in touch with the latest happenings in the world.
  • Social networking has also evolved as a great medium to connect with like-minded individuals and become a part of interesting groups and communities.

5. Online Services and E-commerce

  • With the help of internet we can perform all our financial transactions online.
  • We can book tickets for a movie, transfer funds, pay utility bills and taxes without having to leave our homes or offices.
  • E-commerce is used for all type of business dealing that involves the transfer of money through the Internet. Online transaction of money has become the norm with almost all kinds of business. E-commerce.
  • Websites such as Trademe,amazon,eBay allow customers to bid, buy, sell, and even auction products online.

Disadvantages of Internet-

  1. Theft of Personal Information

The use of Internet for banking, social networking, or other services, often makes our personal information vulnerable to theft. There are no fail-proof ways to securing names, account numbers, addresses, photos, and credit card numbers from being stolen or misused by thieving websites and individuals.

2. Spamming

Spamming refers to sending unwanted e-mails, which serve no purpose and needlessly obstruct the computer system. Such illegal activities can be very frustrating as it makes it slower to access our email accounts and makes the entire service unreliable for consumers.
Spammers usually use bots that bombard the receiver with an endless line of advertisements.

3. Malware Threats

One of the most annoying problems with the Internet is the ease with which any malware can infect our computers. Internet users are often attacks by virus that harm the computers and important files.Internet virus can be of three types -affects files ,boot virus and Trojan virus.

4. Age-inappropriate Content

This is a very serious issue concerning the Internet, especially when it comes to young children.

5. Social Isolation, Obesity, and Depression

  • There is an addiction for everything that pertains to the web and that includes excessive surfing, online gambling, social networking, and gaming addiction.
  • These addictions create both physical as well as mental issues that can lead to health complications
  • The link between obesity and the Internet is rather easy to understand. The more one sits in front of the computer, the lesser one exercises. At the end of the longish list of physical and emotional maladies, is depression.

8 thoughts on “How internet works ?

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