Blood pressure is the measurement of the pressure of the blood in the artery. Everyone want to have normal blood pressure. But what exactly does that mean?
Ideally, we should all have a blood pressure below 120 over 80 (120/80). This is the ideal blood pressure for people wishing to have good health. At this level, we have a much lower risk of heart disease or stroke.
The top number refers to the amount of pressure in your arteries during the contraction of your heart muscle. This is called systolic pressure. The bottom number refers to your blood pressure when your heart muscle is between beats. This is called diastolic pressure. Both numbers are important in determining the state of your heart health.
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How to measure the Blood Pressure at home ?
Using a home blood pressure monitor lets you keep track of your blood pressure at home. You can buy BP monitor from local medical market or on Amazon and it does not cost(from $20 onward) huge amount .
What causes high blood pressure ?
The exact cause of high blood pressure is often not clear. However, various lifestyle conditions and behaviours have been known to significantly contribute to high blood pressure:
- Being overweight
- Not getting enough physical activity
- Drinking more than 2 alcoholic drinks per day
- Family history of high blood pressure
How to control high blood pressure ?
The good news is you can control (and even help prevent) high blood pressure by making healthy lifestyle choices. These include:
- Following a healthy diet; reducing salt and fat intake
- Eating plenty of fruit and vegetables
- Regular physical activity
- Maintaining a healthy weight
- Stopping smoking and alcohol
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