The Internet of Things (IoT) is a system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects, animals or people that are provided with unique identifiers and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction.
A thing, in the Internet of Things, can be a person with a heart monitor implant, a farm animal with a biochip transponder, an automobile that has built-in sensors to alert the driver when tire pressure is low — or any other natural or man-made object that can be assigned an IP address and provided with the ability to transfer data over a network.
Practical applications of IoT technology can be found in many industries today, including precision agriculture, building management, healthcare, energy and transportation.
Examples of Internet of Things in day to day life
- Health and Fitness IOT smart gadgets like – Fitbit, Jawbone, Nike and Misfit etc
- Home Security – There are many home safety and security device for everyone that enables video surveillance, motion, temperature and air quality control to help you protect your family and your home when you’re not around.
- Transport – Driverless car is an classic example of IOT.
- Shopping – Smart fridge automatically populate grocery lists when supplies are running low.
- Smart Cities – Smart city is another powerful application of IoT generating curiosity among world’s population. Smart surveillance, automated transportation, smarter energy management systems, water distribution, urban security and environmental monitoring all are examples of internet of things applications for smart cities.